Alpheios river is the biggest river in the Peloponnese. It is 111 km long and it springs from Arcadia. The river bed is to the north of the gulf of Kyparissia where it borders the prefecture of Elis and according to the mythological tradition it was one of the river-gods in ancient times. It was mostly worshipped by the residents of Arcadia, Elis and Messenia.
Pinios river and the artificial lake of Pinios
Pinios river, also known as the river of Gastouni, is very important in the area of the Peloponnese and in the prefecture of Elis in particular. It is 70 km long and it springs from Mount Erymanthos, while its estuary is in the Ionian Sea next to the town of Gastouni. Flowing towards the sea, Pinios river helps to send water to the greatest artificial lake in the Peloponnese, the lake of Pinios. This is one of the most significant works in Elis and it is located near the area of Ancient Elis. The dam that holds in the water of the river was built in 1968 and it is 50 metres tall and 2,175 metres long.
Foloi Oak Forest
The ancient forest of Foloi is the only flat forest in Greece. It is situated at an altitude of 600 metres and it stretches over an area of 54,000 acres and thus, it borders the prefectures of Arcadia, Elis and Achaea. This ancient oak forest is situated 15 km away from the village of Lala. According to experts it is the remnant of the ancient forests in the Peloponnese, which is evident due to the presence of very old oak trees. A tour of the forest is truly amazing since the view of the mountains and the valley of Alpheios do not let the visitors get bored.
Elis – Kaiafas
After reaching Pyrgos, the capital of the prefecture of Elis, if we head 27 km to the west we shall run into the well-known area of Kaiafas which has a large beach that borders the Ionian Sea, the well-known coastal pine forest and the Kaiafas lake. Due to the healing properties of the water of the lake the area has turned into a large centre for therapeutic tourism. The beneficiary properties of the water of the lake were already known in ancient times as it can be seen through references made in ancient Greek mythology. Nowadays hydrotherapy is not the only reason this area is a tourist attraction. Another reason that this particular place is a popular destination is the exceptionally beautiful natural landscape which helps you to feel rejuvenated away from the fast pace of life in the city. Of course, for the visitors who prefer more intense activities there are various water sports they can choose from. People of all ages visit the premises of the hydrotherapeutic centre from all over the world, which makes it a significant tourist centre. It is characteristic that the water of the hot springs is rich in hydrogen sulphide and its temperature from May to October ranges from 20 to 30 °C which makes this the best period of time for hydrotherapy.