Travel guide

Pylos


General info

Welcome to Pylos...

Pylos is a beautiful town of about 3,000 residents in the prefecture of Messenia, on the southwest side of the Peloponnese. The city is built around a natural harbor in the bay of Navarino. It is surrounded by the waters of the Ionian Sea opposite the island “Sfaktiria”, 52 km away from Kalamata, the capital of Messenia, 216 km away from Patras and 305 km away from Athens. Pylos was built in 1828 by the French expedition of General Maison. It spreads over two hills in the Bay of Navarino and is one of the largest natural harbors of Greece. At the southern entrance of the bay, there is "Niokastro"(New Castle) which was built by the Turks in 1573 and took this name as opposed to "Palaiokastro"(Old Castle) which was built by the Franks several years ago and is located at the northern entrance of the bay, on “Koryfasio”, a rocky hillside. Pylos had a strong presence in different historical periods and this is the reason why it is now so well-known for its many historical and cultural monuments. It was founded by Pylos and was initially called Koryfasio. Homer refers to Pylos as the Palace of Nestor.

 

In the past…

Pylos has a historical presence since prehistoric times. The first Messenians colonized the region around 3300-3100 BC. Thereafter the area began to prosper during the Mycenaean period, as it is evident from the palace of Nestor in Englianos. Homer, Thucydides and other ancient writers refer to it regularly. According to tradition, Pylos was founded by Pylos, the son of Klisona. In the beginning, it was called Koryfasio, receiving its name from the homonymous cape. Pylos maintained its importance during the Roman and Byzantine times until the 6th century AD, century, when it fell into the hands of the Avars and was renamed Avarino. During the period of 1287-1308, the ruler of Thebes Nicholas II Saintomer fortified Pylos with a castle, whereas it came under the rule of the Navareon Company around 1385, under the rule of the Venetians in 1417 and of the Turks in 1500. It was occupied once again by the Venetians in 1686 and again by the Turks in 1715. During the Revolution of 1821, Pylos revolted under the leadership of Georgakis and Nicholas Economides and with the help of the Ionian corps under Mercati, of people from Mani under Pierako Mavromichalis and of a squadron from Spetses the Turks were forced to surrender the fortress (August 7, 1821). In 1825 Ibrahim conquered the fortress and the town and remained there till the battle of Navarino, where the fleets of the allies with the admirals Heyden, Kodrigkton and Derigny, defeated the Turkish Egyptian fleet only with minimal losses on their part.

 

Nowadays…

Pylos is characterized by a rare beauty, which has a lagoon of great ecological significance, that of “Yalova”, which is a wetland habitat for many migratory birds. Beneath the hill of Paleokastro spreads the magical Bay of Voidokilia with its famous turquoise waters and golden sand. Visitors can also spend pleasant moments along the picturesque harbor, where there are several restaurants and cafes. From Pylos one can easily access nearby regions such as Methoni, Finikounda and Voidokilia not only for swimming but also for eating outside. Although Pylos is considered to be an ideal destination for families who wish to spend their summer holidays, Pylos offers pleasures and fun throughout the year.

Sight seeing

If you happen to come by or stay in this beautiful city, then
you can visit:


• The cave of Nestor which is bicameral, with good echo and striking green and ashy shades on walls. The view from the entrance is astonishing


• The Palace of Nestor. This is the best preserved Mycenaean palace. It is a complex of several buildings with a total of 105 ground-floor apartments or other premises


• “Palaiokastro” - or “Palionavarino” located in the north of Pylos. Above the cliffs of the coast and over the cave of Nestor, on the side of Voidokoilia, there stood the ancient citadel of Pylos during classical times


• The castle of Pylos (Niokastro) which began to be built by the Ottomans in 1573, shortly after their defeat at the Battle of Lepanto (1571)


• The “Antonopoulio Museum” of Pylos which features exhibits belonging to the Mycenaean, Archaic, Hellenistic and even Roman times


• The Three Admirals square which is the most beautiful square of the city. It received its name from the Municipal Councillors ((1870-74) in the honor of the three Admirals Kodrigkton, Derigny and Heyden who led the glorious battle


• The classical Gymnasium, which was founded under royal decree of September 15th, 1921


• The “Agiannis” or “Camares” within just one kilometer from the Three Admirals Square. This location took the name "Agiannis" from the holy Church of St. John the Baptist, which is at the same time the church and cemetery of the town. It is also called Camares (Arches) because of the continuous arcades of the old Venetian Aqueduct that is displayed perfectly in that place, so that the visitor is able to explore the water supply system built by the Venetians in 1686 to carry water to the fortress Niokastro from the old water springs


• “Polylimnio”, which is located in the community of Charavgi of the Municipality of Voufrados. It is a cluster of several lakes which, due to the rough terrain, create waterfalls.

How to go

By Car:

Pylos is located 308 km away from Athens. After you have entered the Attica Road, continue your journey on the national road of Athens-Corinth (for about 80 km, approx. 40-50 minutes). After you have left behind Corinth, follow the road to Tripoli (attention should be given to the road signs so as not to miss the exit- approx. 81 km., 40 min. journey). After you have arrived at Tripoli, continue your journey on the new national road in the direction of Kalamata. At the intersection, follow the road to Kyparisia(36 km., approx. 20 min. journey). After you have reached Kyparissia, continue your journey to Filiatra-Gargalianous. Then, follow the road signs to Pylos about 30 minutes later you will arrive at your destination.

 

Total travel time : 200 - 220 minutes

 

By Bus:

There are daily itineraries from Athens to Pylos. The departure point is at the main bus station of Athens. (KTEL Busses Kifisos - Kifissou 100, on the national road of Athens).

 

For more information please call:

KTEL Busses Athens : ☎  (+30) 210 5134588

KTEL Busses Pylos : ☎  (+30) 27230 22230

 

By Train:

OSE Train station Pylos (Kalamata) : ☎  (+30) 27510 29380

 

For more information and itineraries, please visit the following websites:

www.proastiakos.net and www.ose.gr

Useful telephones


Police Station Pylos : ☎  (+30) 27230 22316


Taxi Station Pylos : ☎  (+30) 27230 22555


Health Center Pylos : ☎  (+30) 27230 - 23777, 23333


Drugstores Pylos : ☎  (+30) 27230 - 22880, 22556, 22228


Post office Pylos : ☎  (+30) 27230 22247


Agrotiki Bank Pylos : ☎  (+30) 27230 22302


National Bank Pylos : ☎  (+30) 27230 22202


Alpha Bank Pylos : ☎  (+30) 27230 28315


Citizen Service Centre : ☎  (KEP) Pylos (+30) 27230 28904


Municipality Offices Pylos : ☎  (+30) 27230 22221


Fire Department Pylos : ☎  (+30) 27230 22099


Archaeological Museum of Pylos : ☎  (+30) 27230 22448


Museum of Pylos : ☎  (+30) 27230 22954


Fortress of Pylos : ☎  (+30) 27230 22010

Distances

From the city of Pylos to:

Athens

274 km

Thessaloniki   

765 km

Piraeus

271 km

Larisa

616 km 

Volos

589 km 

Ioannina

437 km 

Zakynthos

193 km 

Pylos

0 km 

Kalamata

50 km

Nafplio

182 km 

Patras

210 km 

Sparti

109 km 

Corinth

196 km 

Igoumenitsa

503 km

Pyrgos

113 km